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Activity Report 2003-04

Annual Activity Report 2003-04
Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department
Government of Orissa

Introduction:

1.1 The Department of Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department came into being in 1991after bifurcated from the erstwhile Forest, Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department vide G.A Department Resolution No. 28038 /Gen., dt .10.10.1990.

1.2 The Department is a nodal Department for formulating plan, policies and programmes for Fishery as well as Animal Resource Sector and is responsible for its successful implementation.

1.3 The Department aims at promoting Fishery potential of the State and increasing milk, egg and meat production through various means in addition to providing Veterinary Services to a large number of Animal population.

The Department aims to achieve its objectives through following measures -

  1. Improving professionalism through training/ counseling.

  2. Forming cooperative’s for community participation and expanding market potential.

  3. Encouraging private sector to adopt scientific farming by applying latest technology.

  4. Improving potential of local breeds.

  5. Dissemination of new technology.

  6. Better animal management nutrition and health.

  7. Increase productivity through genetic up-gradation.

  8. Expansion of livestock sector activities.

  9. Strengthening of Orissa Biological Products Institute for production of life saving biological vaccine and medicines.

  10. Strengthening disease control mechanism.

Organisation:

2.1 The Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department consists of two sectors namely Fisheries & animal Resource Development.

2.2 In Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Service sector, there is a Directorate headed by a Director enjoying the powers and functions of Heads of Department. In the Directorate, the Director is assisted by 1. Additional Director, 3 Joint Directors Level-II, 6 Deputy Directors, 10 Branch Officers and a host of supporting staff. In the field, there are 13 Chief District Veterinary Officers (Class-I Senior) in charge of 13 districts. In the remaining 17 districts, the Sub-Divisional Veterinary Officers functioning in the district headquarter are looking after the districts affairs. Besides, there are 5 Deputy Directors in charge of Frozen Semen Bank and 3 Orissa biological Product Institutes. There are 58 SDVO’s in 58 sub-Divisions of the State and 912 VASs in 314 Blocks of the State to provide Veterinary Service in field level. In addition to the above there are also Vety. Officers in Group B and Junior Vety. Officers in different positions.

2.3 There are 2 autonomous bodies namely OMFED and OPOLFED promoting production and marketing of milk, Milk products and egg and chicken. These organizations are functioning under the aegis of Fishery & ARD Department.

2. Activities in Animal Resources Development Sectors

The Plan, programme and policies of ARD sector is carried out through the Directorate of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services, Orissa.

2.1 The Livestock Policy of the State Government has a pro-poor focus and lays emphasis on employment opportunities, nutritional status and income of the small holders possessing nearly 80% of livestock population.

2.2 To achieve the objectives setout in the livestock policy, stress has been given on improvement of livestock wealth by strengthening health care measures, developing infrastructure for preservation, processing and marketing of livestock products, improving local breeds of sheep, cattle etc. by cross breeding and above all conducting farmers training programme (including women) to make them conversant with modern methods of farming.

The State has good potential of livestock population. The livestock population of the State as per 2003 census (provisional) are as follows.:

Breed

Male

Female

Total

 

Cattle

Crossbred

330100

735149

1 065249

Indigenous

6955073

6002461

12957534

 

Buffalo

Improved

32602

32791

65393

Indigenous

720616

608622

1329238

 

Sheep

579354

1040664

1620018

 

Goat

1936866

3866219

5803085

 

Pigs

285095

377304

662399

 

Poultry

   

17609684

 

2.3 Significant improvement has been made in the field of livestock health, preventive measures, breeding network and production of quality livestock and livestock products during the year 2003-04

Cattle Development

3.1 Breeding Programme
There are 2415 Frozen Semen Artificial Insemination Centres functioning in the state.During the year 2003-04 altogather 4.97 lakhs cows were artificially inseminated & 2.20 lakhs cross bred progenies were born.

3.2 Frozen Semen Bank
Livestock Development Programme is feasible only on controlled breeding policies.The average milk yield per lactation of a cow is abysmally low due to several genetic erosion and fodder scarcity. The livestock can be genetically upgraded through systematic and scientific adopted breeding programme.

For production of quality semen, on the ongoing AI programme of the State, presently there are two bull stations functioning in the State, i.e. at Khapuria, Cuttack and Bhawanipatna, Kalahandi. These two bull stations are responsible for collection, processing and preservation of quality semen from highly genetic potential bulls reared as per the adopted breeding policy of the State. During the year 2003-04 both the semen stations have produced 5.77 lakhs doses of frozen semen straws. The details are as follows.

Particulars of semen straws

Quantity (In Lakhs)

Exotic

1.93

Cross Bred

2.17

Indigenous

1.36

Buffalo

0.31

Total

5.77

As liquid nitrogen (LN2) is live of frozen semen straws, the state has installed 13 LN2 plants in different locations from 1978 to 2001.In course of time the production cost of liquid nitrogen in departmental plants increased due to high energy charge, cost of spares and ageing of the plants. So in the present scenario as per the Government of India guide line under NPCBB, the major requirement of LN2 is procured from the commercial source. During the year 2003-04 the State has produced 1.86 lakhs liters from the departmental plants balance 2.64 lakhs liters from the commercial source.

3.3 National Project on Cattle & Buffalo Breeding
Cattle and Buffaloes are the most important species among all the livestock in India and they account for 75% of the total output value of livestock. Milk has emerged as the single largest crop in animal husbandry both in terms of quality and value. For increase in milk production, artificial insemination in cattle and buffalo has been adapted extensively. There is need to strengthen the breeding network to cover 100% breedable population. At the same time on the recommendation of Government of India, an autonomous agency named as Orissa Livestock Resources Development Society (OLRDS) has been formed to take independent decision in the matter of monitoring of breeding network in the state as per the approved breeding policy.

Cattle and Buffaloes are the most important species among all the livestock in India and they account for 75% of the total output value of livestock. Milk has emerged as the single largest crop in animal husbandry both in terms of quality and value. For increase in milk production, artificial insemination in cattle and buffalo has been adapted extensively. There is need to strengthen the breeding network to cover 100% breedable population. At the same time on the recommendation of Government of India, an autonomous agency named as Orissa Livestock Resources Development Society (OLRDS) has been formed to take independent decision in the matter of monitoring of breeding network in the state as per the approved breeding policy.

The project proposal submitted to Government of India by the society under National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding has been approved for a period of 3 years commencing from 2001-02 with a total outlay of Rs. 26.44 crores. The National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding aims at supplying improved quality breeding inputs at farmer’s level to ensure enhanced conception rates and genetically superior progenies. During the year 2003-04 under this programme, self employment through engagement of GOMITRA’s in rural areas for doing artificial insemination at farmer’s door step has been introduced. During 2003-04 altogether 300 GOMITRA’s have been selected & trained. During 2001-02, Government of India have released Rs. 40,00,000/- as an adhoc grant to build-up groundwork for implementation of the programme.

During the year 2002-03,a sum of Rs. 5.51 crores has been sanctioned and released to OLRDS. The OLRDS also generates funds by collecting user fees from the public by way of AI ,Vaccination and Treatment of cases. The breeding programme is carried out through the Department of ARD, Milk Unions affiliated to Co-operative Milk Federation and Utkal Gomangal Samiti.

3.4 Orissa Livestock Resources Development Society

The collection & deposition of user fees in the account of OLRDS started since July 2002.It has been decided that the funds collected by the districts is to be spent in the ratio of 9:1 that is 90% is earmarked as district share and 10 % as state share.

The OLRDS generates funds by collecting user fees from the livestock owners of the State. During the year 2003-04, an amount of Rs.1,96,24,865/- has been collected as user fees and deposited in OLRDS account,out of the above amount the following expenditure has been incurred for development work.

The Chief District Veterinary Officers identify the basic needs of the district with respect to requirement of equipment / instrument and civil construction & furnish the proposal to Director, AH & VS-cum-Member Secretary OLRDS with proper justification for approval.

Development works made by utilising funds of user fees.

  • Individual sign board for each VD & LAC of the State has been prepared so that the existence of VD / LAC in the areas could be well noticed. Further in order to maintain transparency in the system, the details of item wise rate of collection of user fees charts have also been displayed in each VD / LAC.

  • To maintain Cold-Chain system for storage of viral vaccines to control out break, 130 nos. of refrigerators with voltage stabilizer have been supplied to Veterinary Dispensaries to the tune of Rs.19 lakhs out of user charges.

  • Rs.60,000/- have been utilized towards payment of annual maintenance contract for the LN2 plant at Keonjhar. This has supported the smooth functioning of existing LN2 plant.

  • Rs.35.81 lakhs & Rs.87,274/- have been spent during the year 2003-04 towards civil construction (repair, reconstruction) and electrification of the VD / LAC buildings of the State respectively out of user charges.

  • Rs.70.00 lakhs have been utilized towards supply of basic instruments and equipments to VDs / LACs out of user charges.

Dairy Development

4.1 The operation flood programme implemented by OMFED, dairy development has been taken-up in undivided districts of Puri, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Keonjhar and Sambalpur. The programme has been extended to Ganjam and Gajapati district with the help of externally aided Indo-Swiss project. In addition to this , 7 Dairy Projects for women are in operation in the undivided districts of Cuttack, Keonjhar, Balasore, Ganjam, Puri, Dhenkanal & Sambalpur under STEP (Support to training and employment programme) for women with full assistance of Department of Women and Child Development, Government of India. Nearly 55,000 rural women have been benefitted through Women Primary Milk Producers Co-operative Societies and will be instrumental in augmenting milk production in the State.Besides IDDP phase IV programme is being implemented by OMFED in the districts of Jajpur,Angul & Ganjam with financial assistance from Government of India.

4.2 OMFED has taken steps to expand the capacity of Bhubaneswar Dairy Plant from 75,000 LPD to 1,25,000 LPD.

OMFED has taken steps to expand the capacity of Bhubaneswar Dairy Plant from 75,000 LPD to 1,25,000 LPD.

OMFED has 2.15 lakhs LPD capacity processing plant within its operation area and carrying on marketing of milk and milk products in 45 towns of the state. Apart from this it is extending its marketing of surplus milk to the tune of 20000 ltrs a day to Kolkata,Andhra Pradesh & Chhatisgarh. The daily milk marketing is on average 1.48 lakhs liter having an annual turnover of more than 70 crores.

4.3 The Integrated Dairy Development Project is in operation in 14 non operation flood districts in hilly and backward areas of the State since 1994-95 through central assistance. Infrastructures have been built-up to provide chilling & processing facilities for milk collected in remote places.

4.4 In the non-operation flood districts, 14 District Milk Unions and 649 MPCS have been organized. 6 Dairy Plants, 9 Chilling Plants and 32 Bulk Cooler Units are functioning. The work for establishment of 10,000 liters per day capacity Dairy Plant at Bhawanipatna and installation of 14 Bulk Cooler Units in different areas of the state are in progress.In the mean while as per Government decision ,the management of the District Milk Unions have been handed over to the OMFED for revitalization of Milk Union activities for enhancing milk procurement and marketing of milk.

4.5 Dairy Farms :
There are 8 livestock Breeding and Dairy Farms under government sector. The aim of these farms are to produce crossbred bull calves for supply to State Semen Collection Centres and to inaccessible areas for natural service for up gradation of local breeds.

4.6 Major Livestock Products

The target & achievement of milk,egg & meat production of the State during the year 2003-04(Provisional estimates) are given below:

Item

Target

Achievement

Milk Production (000 MT)

1050

1033.17

Egg production (in million Nos)

1415

1111.63

Meat production (in 000 MT)

55

57

Poultry Development

5.1 There are 9 Poultry & 2 Duck Breeding Farms in the State. At present 3 Poultry Farms at Sundergarh, Bolangir, Laxmisager, BBSR(IPDP) and one Duck Breeding Farm, Khapuria,Cuttack are functioning. The Angul Poultry Farm & Similiguda Poultry Breeding Farm are being revitalized through Central Assistance.

5.2 Three Integrated Poultry Development Projects are functioning at Bhubaneswar, Berhampur and Rourkela to popularize poultry activities in private sector.

5.3 Orissa Poultry Federation (OPOLFED) an autonomous body is functioning at Bhubaneswar with an objective to popularize poultry products and create market potential, OPOLFED has undertaken marketing of eggs and chicken meat and production of chicks and balanced premixed feed. Government of India has sanctioned a project namely Orissa Women’s Poultry Project under STEP implemented in Angul and Khurda district. This project is implemented through OPOLFED with an outlay of Rs. 430.776 lakhs. During 2002-03, Government of India have released Rs. 1.26 crores as first installment for establishment of 45 Women Poultry Cooperative Societies covering 4050 women. Till end of the year 2003-04 altogether 20 Women Poultry Co-op. Societies have been registered covering 1800 women.

5.4 The Poultry Farm at Similiguda and Angul will be strengthened with central assistance of Rs. 83 lakhs from the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India.

Small Animal Development

Majority of the people in Orissa are non-vegetarian and usually prefer the meat of sheep and goat. The State has good potential for development of sheep, goat & piggery resources. The State Agriculture Policy provides incentive to farmers for production of small animals and poultry. The Departmental farms producing improved animals will be strengthened for the purpose. Presently, there are 2 Sheep Breeding Farms at Deogaon(Bolangir) Chiplima (Sambalpur), 6 Goat Breeding Farms at Chipilima, Deogaon, Ghatgaon, Kuarmunda, Khajuripada (Phulbani) Godia (Sonepur) and 2 Pig Breeding Farms at chiplima (Sambalpur) & Matkambeda (Keonjhar). 2 Goat Breeding Farms at Chiplima in Sambalpur district and Kuarmunda in Sundergarh district are being strengthened under Central Plan Scheme. Scientific breeding of goats is taken-up under this programme.

There is a proposal to set-up 2 more Pig Farms at Randapali in Koraput and another at Malkangiri. The animals produced in these farms will be supplied to the beneficiaries and farmers of SGSY / PMRY schemes under self employment programme.

Feed and Fodder Development

Shortage of feed and fodder resources for livestock population in the state is one of the major constraints for low livestock production. Sufficient green fodder is essential for production of milk and meat. Green feed reduces the production cost of milk, meat & egg. The 7 Departmental fodder seed farms have produced 3261 quintals of fodder seeds and distributed among farmers as minikits. One Deputy Director (Fodder) is exclusively in charge of this programme at Directorate.The 8 departmental livestock breeding farms produced 44560 qtls of green fodder in the State. A minikit programme has been launched to raise fodder in the farmer’s land. Under this programme, different fodder seeds are being supplied with a token money of Rs. 5/- as involvement cost. During 2003-04, 8787 minikits were distributed to farmers with 245145 numbers of roots & slips of perennial grasses.

External Aided Projects Supporting ARD

The Indo Swiss Natural Resources Management Programme (ISNRMPO) emanated from Indo Swiss Project Orissa (ISPO) which started its operation in 1991 aiming at uplifting the living standard of the rural poor through Animal Husbandry interventions. The partners from the beginning until present are AHD as the main partner; GGGMU as the 2nd partner and some NGOs as 3rd partner. Presently the NRMPO is under Vth phase of its operation which has started from 01.07.02 & will continue up to 30.06.2006.

The overall goal of NRMPO is to “contribute the reduction of poverty in rural Orissa through supporting life promoting process, which enable rural development to be sustainable, people initiated, people owned and people controlled”. This goal is to be addressed focusing on 02 major thrust areas i.e. livestock service delivery (LSD) and livelihood and community organization (LCO).

In the livestock programme, ISNRMPO shifted its focus from activities at field level to HID oriented interventions at central level comprising training, extension, organization and fodder development.

During the year 2003-04 following achievements have been made through HID cell supported by ISNRMPO.

  • Preparation of syllabus and handouts for Gomitra and AI workers.

  • Development of concept paper on “Community link Worker” (CLW) and training of CLW on poultry vaccination in Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri and Nabarangpur districts.

  • Preparation of training calendar, syllabus and training design on “Control of Animal Diseases” for in-service Veterinarians and Para-Veterinarians working in the department.

  • Initiation of formulation of business plans for OLRDS.

  • Study of organizational structure of OLRDS and Directorate.

  • A State level workshop on “Poverty Alleviation” through poultry production was organized.

  • A State level workshop on “Biodiversity of livestock in Orissa and its role” was organized.

Livestock Health & Disease Control

The Department takes care of animal health through a vast network of 540 Veterinary Hospitals & Dispensaries,2939 Livestock Aid Centers in the state. These Veterinary Institutions look after the health care services of livestock and Poultry. During the year 2003-04 altogether 51.06 Lakh animals were treated against various diseases,105.22 lakh animals were vaccinated,2.59 lakh animals were dewormed & 5500 Infertility Camps were organized.

9.1 There are two Biological Products Institutes functioning at Bhubaneswar and Berhampur to produce adequate quantity of different vaccines required for disease control programme in the state. The vaccines like FMD & PPR which are not produced in the state are purchased by department and supplied to districts. The production and purchase of different vaccines during the year 2003-04 are given below:-

 

Sl. No.

Name of the Vaccines

No of Doses Produced

Vaccinations Performed

1

H.S.V

45,74,700

45,37,000

2

B.Q.V

30,87,000

29,44,000

3

A.S.V

2,76,900

2,70,000

4

Ent.V

1,82,000

1,15,000

5

R.D.V

5,81,800

6,09,000

6

F.P.V

0

1,28,000

7

A.R.V

595

3,600

 

OUT SIDE

PURCHASE

 

8

F.M.D.V

18,50,590

18,34,000

9

P.P.R.V

3,33,000

96,897

Centrally Sponsored Disease Control Programme

10.1 ASCAD (Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases)

To supplement the efforts of the State Governments / U.Ts in health care programme, Govt. of India is implementing the scheme ASCAD (Assistance to states for control of animal diseases) with 75% central assistance and 25% state assistance. During 2003-04 Govt. of India have provided Rs.210.25 lakhs and State Govt. have provided Rs.22.00 lakhs. The objectives of the scheme is to control emerging and existing diseases of the state, disease surveillance & monitoring, imparting training to field staffs, strengthening of the Biological Products Institutes & disease investigation laboratory, mass awareness campaign etc.

10.2 National Project on Riderpest Eradication (NPRE)

The main objective of the project is to eradicate Rinderpest. The state has been declared free of R.P since 1996. After completion of the preparatory phase and eradication phase , the surveillance phase is under progress.The ultimate target is to reach “ Freedom from R.P infection.”through

  1. The active physical surveillance of all the villages along with the stock route search

  2. The passive surveillance by inspection of day book of all the vety. Hospitals/ Dispensaries etc to detect any hidden foci of Rinderpest.

  3. The sero surveillance programme is undertaken in three phases containing 101 villages in each phase in the state as per the sampling frame provided by Etd class="text"MC Bangalore in the selected villages where identification of eligible animals has been done and sera samples are being collected from these animals @ 60 samples/village and subjected to ELISA test to know the sero negative/sero positive animals.

The village search, stock route search, day book inspection and sero surveillance work are in progress.

Self-Employment Project

There is ample scope of self- employment in Animal Husbandry sector. Different agencies like DRDA, DIC, Bank, Itd class="text"A, OSFDC are providing financial assistance for self-employment. Financial assistance are also available under KSK and PMRY schemes. The departmental officers have been providing all possible assistance and technical guidance to the farmers and self-help groups to get self-employed in AH sector by availing financial assistance from different agencies. Since rural women play a very significant role in livestock management, many women self-help groups have been formed for dairy farming.

The achievement under these programmes during 2003-04 is given below:

Name of the Scheme Number of units established        
Dairy Poultry Sheep /Goat Piggery Bullock  
SGSY 42 2 74 6 44
PMRY 54 13 35 1 0
KSK 3 2 7 0  1
OSFDC 2 3 101 8 25
Itd class="text"A 6 10 29 91 99
SELF-EMPLOYMENT 35 9 0 3 0
GENERAL FINANCE 175 61 127 2 8
OMFED          
TOTAL 317 100 373 111 177

Recruitment
During the year 2003-04 altogather 45 Veterinary graduates were appointed on consolidated salary as Junior Veterinary Officers & posted in KBK and non KBK districts.

Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
This is a state level registered body functioning since 1936. The society aims at preventing cruelty to animals by enforcement of provisions of PCA Act-1960 (Central Act) and to arouse public consciousness through suitable propaganda and advertisement.During the year 2003-04 the activities of SPCA are as followes:-

  1. No. of cases prosecuted under PCA act,1960 _ 579

  2. No. of warning cases issued to offenders _ 1083

  3. NO. of cases convicted _ 406

  4. Fine money imposed and deposited in 
    Govt. accounts _ Rs.60,745

Information & Propaganda
To create awareness among the people about departmental activities,exhibition,audiovisual programmes,propaganda through A.I.R and Door Darshan including publication and free distribution of Booklets,Leaflets and Posters are done.During the year 2003-04 the activities of the Information Wing are as follows:

  1. T.V programme including ETV- 113

  2. A.I.R programme (Palli shrota Mandali)- 72

  3. State level Exhibition- 2

  4. Dist. level Exhibition- 7

  5. Film Audio visual show- 5

  6. Workshop at VOTI- 6

  7. Training programme on FSAI 18

Training Programme
The Department of animal husbandry organizes training for capacity development of in-service veterinarians and paraveterinarians in the following training centres

  1. Veterinary Officers’ Training Institute (VOTI), Laxmisagar, Bhubaneswar., 

  2. Training Institute at Frozen Semen Bank (FSB), Cuttack,

  3. Animal Husbandry Department State Training Institute & extension training centre (AHD STI & ETC), Bhanjanagar,

  4. Livestock Inspectors’ Trainig Centre (LITC) Bolangir & Chipilima.

During the year 2003-04 following achievements have been made: 

  1. 254 Veterinarians have been trained at VOTI, Laxmisagar, Bhubaneswar and FSB, Cuttack on different Animal Husbandry aspects.

  2. 585 Livestock Inspectors have been trained at different LITCs and FSB, Cuttack on Artificial Insemination Extension and Animal Husbandry aspects.

  3. 91 Veterinarians were also trained outside the state i.e. at BAIF, Pune; MANAGE, Hyderabad; NDDB Anand and at B.V.Rao Institute of Poultry Management & Technology, Pune on different aspects of A.I; Management skills; Co-operative organization and Poultry respectively.

  4. 243 nos of GOMITRA under the self employment programme of NPCBB have been trained on first aid, vaccination and artificial insemination at AHD STI & ETC Bhanjanagar and two LITC s of this department.

  5. 43 Field man Demonstrators (FMDs) of this department have undergone refresher course on fodder production and utilization at Fodder Demonstration cum Training Centre, Pipili, Puri.

Devolution of Power to Local Bodies
The 73th amendment of the constitution require State Governments to endow the Panchayati Raj Institutions with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as instiutions of Self Government. Accordingly, the CDVO, VAS & Livestock Inspectors working at district, block and Gram Panchayat level have been made accountable to Panchayati Raj Institutions at respective level.

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Head Office:
Fisheries and Animal Resources Development Department 1st Floor , Red Building, Odisha Secretariat, BBSR
Telephone: (0674) 2536985,2393958
Fax: (0674) 2390681 ; Email: fardsec.od@nic.in

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